HIV Prevalence: Cameroon On A Downward Trend

This is thanks to the fast-track approach and strategies set by UNAIDS and the government.


Information from UNAIDS indicates that concerted global efforts have led to a 60 per cent drop in new HIV infections among children, which has averted 1.2 million new HIV infections among children since 2009 in 21 countries in sub-Saharan Africa that have been most affected by the epidemic. Statistics further revealed that in just two years the number of people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased by about a third, reaching 17 million people, two million more than the 15 million by 2015 target set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2011. This accounts to 46 per cent of all people who need ART, with additional two million people starting treatment during last year.

Cameroon is not left out in the global positive trend recorded in the fight against HIV. Latest figures show that the prevalence rate of HIV in the country has dropped from 4.3 per cent to 3.9 per cent thanks to government’s efforts to control the pandemic. With statistics from UNAIDS, the Permanent Secretary of the National Committee for the Fight Against HIV/AIDS last November 2016 estimated that mortality rate of HIV in Cameroon has dropped to 30 per cent over the past 10 years. Preventive campaigns carried by the National Committee for the Fight Against HIV/AIDS through voluntary testing for better behaviour showed that some 2,500,000 people were detected of the virus across the country in 2016.

Concerning the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, 714,146 pregnant women received prenatal care, 624,592 were tested for HIV. In addition, 32,623,453 male and female condoms were distributed. On the management scale, considerable effort have also been made to promote access to treatment with antiretroviral. 15,620 children born to HIV-positive mothers were tested for the first time. Similarly, the offer of services for biological monitoring, counting CD4 lymphocytes and measuring the viral load has increased considerably. With Cameroon acquiring more Global Fund funding last year, several actions are on the way, notably in the framework of the « Test and Treat » campaign, which aims to screen as many Cameroonians as possible.

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