Elections, Referendums: unique Code Operational Since 2012

Cameroon is now enjoying order, precision with almost no procedural and legal hitches in the organization of all elections such as that of the President of the Republic, Members of the National Assembly, Senators and Municipal Councillors.

The election of Regional Councillors provided for in the 1996 Constitution has not yet taken place in the country as well as referendums being organised since the last one took place on May 20, 1972. If the just mention two electoral consultations were to take place today, the process will be hitch-free.

The electoral process with the reintroduction of multiparty politics in Cameroon in 1990 has been facilitated by the Electoral Code. The code contained in Law N° 2012/001 of 19 April 2012 relating to the Electoral Code amended and supplemented by Law N° 2012/017 of 21 December 2012 has parts on specific provisions relating to each election.

The Electoral Code also has provisions specific to Elections Cameroon (ELECAM), the body responsible for the organisation, management and supervision of all election and referendum operations, referendums, voting of Cameroonian citizens settled or residing abroad.

The Electoral Code equally has provisions specific to the public funding of political parties and election and referendum campaigns. The code further defines the period for the revision of electoral registers and has provisions in case of the recompilation of the registers.

The first election in which the provisions of the Electoral Code were used was that of Senators on April 14, 2013, then the twin elections of municipal councillors and Members of the National Assembly on September 30, 2013. The upcoming October 7, 2018 presidential election is the first election of the President of the Republic in which provisions of the Code are being applied. When multiparty politics was reintroduced in 1990, the country staggered with a series of laws each governing a specific election.

There were separate laws subsequently amended and supplemented laying down the conditions governing the election of Members of Parliament, municipal councillors, vacancy of and election of the President of the Republic, period for the revision and recompilation of registers of electors, funding of political parties and election campaigns.

Each of the laws was amended and supplement toward the approach of the election concerned, thereby creating some uncertainty. The provisions of the law relating to the Electoral Code therefore repealed and replaced all the hitherto existing laws.

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