Frontière Turquie-Syrie: revers pour l’Etat islamique

La nébuleuse terroriste a perdu sa dernière position dimanche dernier au terme d’affrontements avec l’armée turque.

L’organisation de l’Etat islamique (EI) est coupée depuis dimanche dernier de tout contact avec l’extérieur au niveau de la frontière entre la Turquie et la Syrie. La nébuleuse terroriste dirigée par Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi a perdu la dernière position qui lui servait de point de passage pour les recrues et l’approvisionnement en biens et services, à la suite d’affrontements avec l’armée turque. Selon Binali Yildrim, Premier ministre turc, l’armée turque contrôle désormais cette zone allant de Jarablos jusqu’à Azaz dans la partie sud du pays.

Pour Didier Billion, directeur adjoint de l’Institut des relations internationales et stratégiques (IRIS) de France, «ça va donc compliquer la tâche des djihadistes en terme de livraison d’armes, de ravitaillement sanitaire ou alimentaire, mais aussi en terme de lieux de passage des apprentis djihadistes qui confluaient vers l’Etat islamique.» Mais, le stratège se veut tout de même prudent et avertit que cette débâcle ne rime pas cependant avec éradication de l’EI. «Non, il subsiste toutes les voies de ravitaillement qui passent par l’Irak. La frontière irako-syrienne avait été détruite symboliquement par les troupes de l’Etat islamique au mois de juin 2014. Là encore, l’Etat islamique est affaibli, mais pas du tout éradiqué. Il y a encore des voies de communication entre la Syrie et l’Irak», prévient-il.

Cette offensive qui rentre dans le cadre de l’opération «Bouclier de l’Euphrate», ouvre un nouveau front qui devra conduire l’armée turque davantage vers le sud pour reprendre Al-Bab, l’un des derniers territoires dans la région d’Alep encore aux mains des islamistes.

South Sudan: Extra Peacekeepers Accepted

President Salva Kiir has finally given his consent for the deployment of 4,000 troops of the regional protection force.

 

Members of the United Nations Security Council mission to Juba, South Sudan left the country over the weekend satisfied that the country’s authorities accepted the deployment of 4,000 troops of the regional protection force, agreed to lift all restrictions on the peace keepers, as well as free movement for humanitarian workers in the country, Bloomberg reported citing the Cabinet Affairs Minister Martin Elia Lomoro.

“The transitional government of national unity gave its consent for the deployment,” a joint statement from the UN and government release disclosed. The UN officials travelled to Juba to convince government in talks held on September 2, 2016. This was because government  had  initially rejected the proposal of the deployment of the extra force which was offered earlier, stating that it lends the United Nations the ability to govern and « seriously undermines » South Sudan’s sovereignty.

Reports say in a vote on August 12, 2016 that the council renewed the UN Mission’s mandate and increased the number of peacekeepers deployed to 17, 000. The UN then threatened that it would consider an arms embargo if the South Sudanese government objected the deployment of the force.

Speaking in Juba after obtaining government’s consent to the deployment, the United States of America’s envoy to the UN Security Council, Samantha Power said, « What we need to do now is move from those very important high-level commitments into working up the modalities in an operational way, » Press-TV quoted her as saying. She added that, « fundamentally, it’s going to be the tribes themselves and the political leadership of this country that are going to have to come together.”

Climate Change: China, U.S.A. Ratify Paris Agreement

Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Barack Obama made the announcement on Saturday.

 

The Paris Agreement signed in 2015 with the main goal to slash greenhouse gas emissions and keep global temperature increase to well below two decrees Celsius is expected to go into legal force in the near future.  

China and the United States of America that are responsible for 40 per cent of global carbon emissions gave a strong adherence signal to the agreement last weekend by ratifying the Paris Climate Change Agreement commonly called COP21, Al Jazeera reported. In the agreement, China and the US committed to cut levels of emissions by 2030. More than 180 countries signed the Paris climate deal and at least 55 countries need to ratify for it to go into legal effect.

With the commitment showed by China and the US, more countries are expected to ratify the agreement during the upcoming UN Climate Change Week. Reports say before the announcement by China and the US only 23 countries, responsible for about one percent of global emissions, had ratified the agreement.

Al Jazeera cited President Xi Jinping of China and US President Barack Obama of having called Saturday’s announcement a milestone. Their declaration came on the eve of the start of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou. Obama said the climate deal is « the moment we finally decided to save our planet ». He is further quoted as saying that, “Just as I believe the Paris agreement will ultimately prove to be a turning point for our planet, I believe that history will judge today’s efforts as pivotal.”

Obama added that, “where there is a will and there is a vision and where countries like China and the United States are prepared to show leadership and to lead by example, it is possible for us to create a world that is more secure, more prosperous and more free than the one that was left for us.” Chinese President Xi Jinping is quoted as saying that, « Hopefully this will encourage other countries to take similar efforts. » He is quoted to have added that, “Our response to climate change bears on the future of our people and the well-being of mankind.”

Activities Grounded In Libreville

The proclaimed winner of the presidential poll, Ali Bongo said the election was conducted following the Gabonese law.

 

The Gabonese capital city, Libreville has been transformed into a ghost town spiced with sporadic manifestations on the morrow of the announcement of the results of August 27, 2016 presidential election in which incumbent President Ali Bongo Ondimba was re-elected with 49.80 per cent of the votes cast. Following the results proclaimed by the Ministry of Interior, Ali Bongo’s main challenger, Jean Ping scored 48.23 per cent.

Opposition protesters on Wednesday following the proclamation of the results took to the streets of the capital city, Libreville claiming fraud. The protesters went on the rampage and reportedly set the National Assembly building ablaze. Security forces reposted. Reports from Libreville yesterday, September 1, 2016 indicated that the town was transformed into a ghost town with all activities grounded. No transport taxis were on circulation, roads were empty and internet connections were cut off. BBC said there was gunfire in Libreville.

Reacting to the violence from the Presidential Palace, Ali Bongo said democracy did not match with self-proclaimed success, when parliament and the national television are attacked and when a group is formed to destroy, news agencies reported. He said the polls spoke for themselves. He equally said the election was conducted following the Gabonese law and insisted that foreign pressure must take account of the law. Ali Bongo reportedly said the pressure will not change the law.

Following Ali Bongo’s declaration, the Minister of Interior, Pacôme Moubelet-Boubeya gave a press conference presenting the situation in the country. He said that so far, between 600 and 800 people were arrested in Libreville and between 200 and 300 in the other parts of the country. The opposition claimed that six of their members were arrested.

Brazil’s Dilma Rousseff Dismissed

The vote in the Senate to impeach President Dilma Rousseff also disqualifies her from public office for eight years.

 

Senators in Brazil on Wednesday, August 31, 2016 voted to impeach the country’s first female President Dilma Rousseff after a five-day hearing. The impeachment automatically bans her from public office for eight years, The Telegraph reported. Brazil’s Senate has voted to remove President Dilma Rousseff, finding her guilty of manipulating the budget.

Sixty-one Senators voted in favour of her impeachment and 20 against, meeting the two-thirds majority needed to remove her from the presidency, BBC reported. Acting President Michel Temer who replaced Dilma Rousseff when she was suspended in May 2016, will serve out Ms Rousseff’s term, which ends on January 1, 2019.

The Senators answered the question by electronic panel asked by the President of the Supreme Court, Ricardo Lewandowski. The question was, “Did the accused, the President of the Republic, Dilma Vana Rousseff, commit the crimes of responsibility corresponding to borrowing from a financial institution controlled by the Union and the opening credits without authorisation from Congress, of which she is accused and should be condemned to the loss of her office, being therefore disqualified from the exercise of any public office for a period of eight years?”

Dilma Rousseff, of the centre-left Workers’ Party, is accused of breaking budget laws to disguise public accounts before her re-election in 2014. Her critics reportedly said she was trying to plug deficit holes in popular social programmes to boost her chances of being re-elected for a second term in October 2014. Ms Rousseff fought the allegations, which she said amounted to a coup d’etat.